NGOMA MIX 7 – Hard Ass

Not sure what Kuduro means in the Kimbundu language of northern Angola, but its colorful translation in Portuguese is in some ways fitting of the music in both form and theme. Still, even though a lot of the music is hard, and a lot of the songs about fucking, the phrase is very much limited in describing the rich layers of word and sound, and becomes reductionist if taken only at face value. Kuduro can also be playful, humorous, soulful, emotional, ominous, scary, joyful, celebratory, and uplifting. It is also sonically adventurous in radical ways, fearless in its pushing and often destruction of dance music’s aesthetic boundaries, in ways often more bold and creative than sound-design obsessed electronic music from North America or Europe: from sweet accordions to reckless synths, from 8-bit game console palettes to near industrial noise, from samples distorted way beyond recognition to some of the deepest basslines in the world. And the vocals are just as wildly diverse: from “normal” singing to what sounds like children rapping to animalistic growling, grunting, yelling.


The many different flavors of Kuduro come from both its roots as well as later influence: mainly evolving from Batida rhythms (itself a fusion of African, Brazilian, and Caribbean traditions) of the 1980s, Kuduro has since branched out to sometimes incorporate elements from many other styles including Cape Verdean Funaná, Coupé-Décalé from France and the Ivory Coast, Afro-Brazilian percussion, Western Hiphop and Techno. A concise example of this melting of tradition, current club culture, and sonic experimentation might be track 28: Batida – Tribalismo Com Sacerdote, in which what sounds like distorted Mbiras (thumb piano) coexist with Angolan rap, furious rave energy and absolutely mental synth lines which verge on noise.

And speaking of Western Hiphop and Techno, this mix adopts quite a few Detroit Ghetto-Tech and Chicago Juke samples, to draw parallels between inner-city Afro-diaspora underground and African urban sound. Because, at least from where i’m standing, the Parallels are many: relentless and insistent focus on rhythm; use of repetition past the point of monotony in becoming pure abstraction; fast tempo and intensity pushing the dancefloor near breaking-point; gritty, raw, and unpolished sound; and finally, ruthless libidinal energy which defies any attempts at restraint.

Also, besides a few entirely unexpected and thrilling use of cultural pastiche in the songs themselves, there are 2 of my mashups here: track 16 which incorporates Indonesian Jaipong drums and track 35 which transforms the orchestral version of an old rave number we all know. Mostly consisting of both older and newer Kuduro from Angola, this mix also includes a few songs from Tanzania, Cote d’Ivoire, Cape Verde, and Brazil. I tried to avoid Western interpretations of Kuduro altogether, but 3 tunes feature non-African collaborating producers or remixers: their inclusion is testament of the strength of these tracks.

01 Dj Znobia – Ta Pio
02 DJ Ramatoulaye – Alhaji (Aladin Mix)
03 Helder, Rei do Kuduro – Felicidade
04 Unknown – Unknown (Helder Junior) (samples Dj Godfather)
05 King Wendu – Unknown
06 Directamente da Banda – Baza Baza
07 Project Winter – Progressividade
08 Dj Nedwyt Fox – Agora Nukutusula
09 Dj Clintonn – C Du Chahut
10 Dj Znobia – Kuduro em Musica
11 Dj Joca Moreno – Jogo de Cintura (samples Coon Daddy)
12 Dama S & Puto Stro – Pedrada Forte
13 Apanha Tudo – Bomban
14 Dj Jesus – Humbe, Humbe
15 Dj João Reis – N.B.A. – Instrumental (samples Dj Spinn & Dj Rashad)
16 Master of Jaipong VS. DJ Amorim – Drum and Bass
17 Dj kito – Da Cara (samples Dj Rashad)
18 Zakee Kuduro & Buraka Som Sistema – New Africa (samples Dj Rashad)
19 Tinox – Sans Gueber
20 Dj Amorim – In The Rush Hour
21 Nervoso – House Diney (interlude samples Dj Assault and Ol’ Dirty Bastard)
22 Dj Djeff feat Maskarado – Elegom Bounsa VS. Dj V.R. – Batida Tchapu
23 Dj Jesus – Crazy Love
24 Dj Znobia – Eue
25 Lucky Gomes – Patiri
26 Puto Cossa – Vem Live feat. Dj Nedwyt Fox
27 Dj V.R. – Batida Tchapu (reprise) / Dama Pancha – Zum zum zum
28 Batida – Tribalismo Com Sacerdote
29 Dj miki – Dmc Caps Mix 2 (samples Kill Frenzy)
30 Katinga MC – Alegoria remix (samples A Lost People)
31 Dj Amorim – Os Angolanos
32 Figura – Ze Bula (Sabbo Remix)
33 Dj Ivan LLuv – Let’s Go
34 Unknown – Unknown (Follow Me)
35 Dj Kadu – Catelita VS. KLF and The Williams Fairey Brass Band – What Time Is Love
36 Ize’ feat. Anofela – Cape Decale
37 Schlachthofbronx – Farafina feat. Ete Kelly
38 Ize’ – Nhaku d’home
39 Unknown – Unknown (outro)

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